SENATE COMMITTEE ON FACULTY BENEFITS
Report on Childcare at Penn State University
This report is a summary of child care services (availability, cost, University contributions) and related research, education, and service activities associated with child care centers at Penn State University campuses. The report summarizes changes since the implementation of recommendations from the “Presidential Task Force on Child Care at Penn State: Findings and Report to President Rodney Erickson.”
Penn State is a national leader in the provision of on-campus child care services and early childhood education through research, teaching and service activities associated with eight child care centers across the University. Historically the University has supported the philosophy that investment in early childhood education and care should be available to accommodate the changing population and to attract and retain competent and dedicated faculty, staff, and students (HR-48). In addition, many centers serve as training sites for pre-service students in Early Childhood Education and faculty and students also teach and conduct research in child care centers.
Providing care to children at University Park since 1929, Penn State currently serves approximately 1,000 children daily across the Commonwealth. Managed and/or contracted centers are located at University Park, Harrisburg, Behrend, Altoona, Hershey Medical Center and Saint Joseph’s Hospital (through Penn State Health). The majority of children served at these centers have University affiliated faculty, staff and/or student parents.
TASK FORCE ON CHILD CARE
In 2013, a Presidential Task Force on Child Care was developed after a decision to outsource the Bennett Family Center at the University Park campus was reversed following strong objections from parents and staff. In January, 2014 the task force issued a Report “Presidential Task Force on Child Care at Penn State: Findings and Report to President Rodney Erickson.” This report contained a number of recommendations that were reviewed and supported by President Erickson.
In December, 2015 a re-instituted Child Care Advisory Committee (CCAC) and newly hired Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services, Holley Rochford, met with President Barron who gave his support for addressing recommendations made in the Task Force Report.
UPDATE ON REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS
Since the report was issued in January, 2014 a number of key recommendations have been addressed. Additionally, The Office of Human Resources including, the Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services and the CCAC are working to address remaining recommendations.
An immediate focus is reviewing employee and student data to assess potential child care needs across the Commonwealth. CCAC is also working to ensure consistency in service delivery across centers while also effectively managing costs for parents and the University. Another focus is enhanced engagement of faculty and students in teaching, research and service opportunities within our centers, including domains outside of early childhood education.
From Finding 1 (“The Penn State community cares about the care and education of young children”), it was recommended that the University provide leadership in early childhood education and care through research, teaching, and service; establish faculty lines; establish scholars-in-residence programs; and, provide incentives for faculty to conduct research.
- At the Bennett Family Center and the Child Care Center at Hort Woods in 2015-2016, 450 students spent over 30,000 hours completing coursework assignments and working as work-study or America Reads students.
- The Harrisburg Center has increased student participation from 1-2 students annually to approximately 15 students participating in internships, work study and America Reads in the last two years.
- The Behrend Early Learning Center has also increased student participation in the last two years with over 75 students now participating at the center representing four departments.
- From 2014-2016 there were 14 research studies conducted at the Bennett Family Center and Child Care Center at Hort Woods.
From Finding 2 (“Penn State Parents are mostly satisfied with services, but needs exist across the University”), it was recommended that the university continue to address child care needs, including availability, financial support for parents, and educational resources.
- A Student-Parent Child Care Advisory Committee has been developed to review eligibility criteria and award allocations to Student Parent participants in order to enhance the program to meet the financial needs of low-income student parents accessing high quality child care.
- Table 1 documents the current potential capacity at all campus locations
TABLE 1- CAPACITY (TOTAL MAX NUMBER OF CHILDREN SERVED)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy||30|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center||90|
|University Park- Bennett Family Center||147|
|University Park- Daybridge KinderCare Education||177|
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center||65|
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare EDUCATION||140|
|University Park- Child Care Center at Hort Woods||219|
|Penn State Health- Saint Joseph’s Hospital-Creative Beginnings||189|
- Table 2 documents the current availability at all campus locations
TABLE 2-CENTER OPENINGS at University child care centers (AS OF October 31, 2016)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy||6||0||0||6||N/A|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center||7||0||5||2||N/A|
|University Park- Bennett Family Center||0||0||0||0||0|
|University Park- Daybridge KinderCare Education||0||0||0||0||4|
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center||13||0||4||9||N/A|
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare||18||0||0||12||6|
|University Park- Child Care Center at Hort Woods||0||0||0||0||N/A|
|Penn State Health- Saint Joseph’s Hospital- Creative Beginnings||18||0||7||11||0|
- Table 3 documents current tuition rates at all campus locations
TABLE 3- TUITION RATES (Current tuition rates for Penn State Child Care Centers)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy|
*9 monthly payments (does not include summer)
|N/A||N/A||$651 (PSU rate at 5 full days), $693 (Community Rate at 5 full days), $605 (PSU Rate M-F 9-4); $637 (Community Rate M-F 9-4), $472 (half day rate PSU & Community)||N/A||N/A|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates- $211 (5 days),$150 (3 days)|
$100 (2 days); Community Rates- $218 (5 days), $156 (3 days), $104 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $201 (5 days), $144 (3 days)|
$95 (2 days) Community Rates- $208 (5 days), $150 (3 days), $100 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $183 (5 days), $137 (3 days)|
$92 (2 days) Community Rates-
$190 (5 days), $143 (3 days), $95 (2 days)
|University Park- Bennett Family Center|
*Monthly sliding scale rates listed at 5 full days
|$879 (30K or less); $1,007 (30,001-70K);$1,146 (70,001-110K); $1,408 (110,001-160K), $1,675 (160K or more)||$879 (30K or less); $1,007 (30,001-70K);$1,146 (70,001-110K); $1,408 (110,001-160K), $1,675 (160K or more)||$698 (30K or less); $787 (30,001-70K); $887 (70,001-110K); $977 ((110,001-160K); $1,066 (160K or more)||$841||$997|
|University Park- Daybridge||PSU Rates- $1,077 (5 days); $808 (3 days); $538 (2 days)|
Community Rates- $1,196 (5 days); $896 (3 days); $596 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $991 (5 days); $742 (3 days); $495 (2 days)|
$1,100 (5 days); $826 (3 days); $550 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $758 (5 days), $568 (3 days); $379 (2 days)|
$840 (5 days); $631 (3 days); $420 (2 days)
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates-$210 (5 days); $163 (3 days); $124 (2 days) Community Rates-|
$224 (5 days); $175 (3 days); $133 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $201 (5 days); $158 (3 days); $120 (2 days) Community Rates-|
$213 (5 days); $168 (3 days); $127 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $177 (5 days); $139 (3 days); $104 (2 days)|
$187 (5 days), $148 (3 days); $112 (2 days)
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare EDUCATION|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates-$263 (5 days); $210 (3 days); $158 (2 days)|
$305 (5 days); $243 (3 days); $182 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-$252(5 d); $201(3 days); $151(2 days)|
$291 (5 days); $233 (3 days); $175 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-$220 (5 days); $177 (3 days); $133 (2 days)|
$255 (5 days); $205 (3days); $153 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-Before /After $105 (5 days); $84 (3 days); $63 (2 days) Community Rates- Before /After-$122 (5 days); $98 (3 days); $74 (2 days)||PSU Rate-$225
|University Park- Child Care Center at Hort Woods|
*Sliding tuition scale rates listed
|$879 (30K or less); $1,007 (30,001-70K);$1,146 (70,001-110K); $1,408 (110,001-160K), $1,675 (160K or more)||$698 (30K or less); $787 (30,001-70K); $887 (70,001-110K); $977 ((110,001-160K); $1,066 (160K or more)|
$200/week summer only
|Penn State Health- Saint Joe’s Creative Beginnings|
|$247 (5 days); $173 (3 days); $119 (2 days)||$238 (5 days); $169 (3 days); $116 (2 days)||$205 (5 days); $144 (3 days); $97 (2 days)||Before/After School-$115 (5 days); $69 (3 days); $46 (2 days)||$205 (5 days); $144 (3 days);
$97 (2 days)
From Finding 3 (“Institutionalize attention to child care needs for Penn State families”), it was recommended that campus-level decision-making be supported; HR-48 should be enforced; child care should move from HHD to HR; AD-39 applicability be evaluated; and that costs and benefits be consistently evaluated.
- The Universities policy on the provision of child care (HR-48) has been enforced by hiring a Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services in January of 2015.
- The Child Care Advisory Committee was also re-constituted in the summer of 2014.
- Oversight of Child Care was moved from the College of Health and Human Development to Human Resources, under the Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services
- Altoona began a child care advisory committee in August, 2016.
- Harrisburg is beginning the process for developing a child care advisory committee.
- Employees at the child care centers were made exempt from the required child-to-teacher ratios in AD-39. Since the centers are licensed and have state regulated child-to-teacher ratios, are enrolled in the Keystone Stars (Quality Rating and Improvement System for the state of PA) and are NAEYC accredited it was determined that child care centers did not need to follow required ratios as outlined in AD-39. However, the majority of centers have supervision plans in place to revert back to ratios requiring two teachers to be with children at all times if the center is put on a provisional license for any reason by the Department of Human Services.
- HR-48 is being revised to include additional guidelines to support health and safety requirements for our managed and contracted child care centers such as, handling medical emergencies, medication administration and required CPR/First Aid Certification.
- Table 4 shows budget information for all campus locations, documenting significant university investment in child care, largely through supplementation of employee fringe costs and in-kind support (not shown here, such as building maintenance), costs which are not currently met by tuition and grant income.
TABLE 4- BUDGET INFORMATION (CURRENT FISCAL YEAR JULY 1, 2016-JUNE 30, 2017)
|FY16/17||The Bennett Family Center at University Park||The Child Care Center at Hort Woods, University Park||Bright Horizons Managed Center |
Behrend Early Learning Center
|Bright Horizons Managed Center |
Harrisburg Children's Learning Center
|Bright Horizons Managed Center |
Saint Joe's Children's Creative Beginning
|Total Salary + Fringe||$1,637,136||$2,380,989||$717,795||$481,046||$1,022,781||$6,239,747|
|HR related expenses *||$63,271||$89,387||$-||$-||$-||$152,658|
(Food, equipment, materials, etc.)
|Total Operating Expenses||$1,913,881||$2,657,276||$949,569||$625,923||$1,349,178||$7,495,827|
|Penn State contribution||$421,817||$549,315||$214,296||$130,127||$20,417||$1,335,972|
*Penn Mont Academy and KinderCare EDUCATION (Daybridge and Hershey) Centers do not report budget information. Penn State also does not currently provide a subsidy to these three centers. NOTE: Rochford and Lucas salary and fringe charged to Bennett and Hort Woods based on percentage of income
From Finding 4 (“Peer-institutions are addressing similar issues and concerns”), it was recommended that a CIC consortium be formed on the topic and that continued models and cost-structures across peer institutions be explored.
- The Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services has examined a number of cost-structures used across peer institutions and will work with CCAC to continue to explore these structures and share findings in the future.
From Finding 5 (“Future management of Bennett Family Center and the Child Care Center at Hort Woods needs to be determined as soon as possible”), it was recommended that University Park campus should maintain teacher status as Penn State employees for BFC and former-Child Development Lab (CDL) employees at Hort Woods, evaluate the feasibility of an outsourced management model to compete with salaries and benefits commensurate with Penn State benefits and salaries, and improve collaboration and coordination of center activities.
- In May of 2015 Bright Horizons acquired Hildebrandt, LLC moving management of the Child Care Center at Hort Woods along with the Harrisburg Child Learning Center over to Bright Horizons.
- On August 18, 2015 Rochford and members of the CCAC met with Provost Nick Jones, Senior VP of F&B, David Gray and VP of Human Resources, Susan Basso. A recommendation was made to maintain management of the Bennett Family Center and move the Child Care Center at Hort Woods in-house to be managed by Penn State beginning July 1, 2016 when the centers contract expired with Hildebrandt/Bright Horizons.
- On August 31, 2015 university officials announced that they accepted the recommendation making the decision to manage both centers, moving Hort Woods in-house July 1, 2016.
- The transition of the Child Care Center at Hort Woods went smoothly with no disruption to the care and safety of children.
- Penn State suspended operations at the Behrend campus Early Learning Center on May 25, 2015. The Early Learning Center previously managed by Penn State is now managed by Bright Horizons who took over management of the center on June 1, 2015.
- On April 29, 2016 university officials announced that Penn State would not be renewing a contract with Duck Hollow Learning Center to operate the Cub’s Den, a center at Fayette, The Eberly Campus. The center closed on May 27th
SENATE COMMITTEE ON FACULTY BENEFITS
- Susan Basso
- Renee Borromeo, Chair
- Victor Brunsden
- Amy Dietz
- Mark Horn
- Peter Jurs
- Cassandra Kitko
- James Miles
- Jamie Myers
- Willie Ofosu
- Erica Smithwick, Vice-Chair
- Greg Stoner
Report prepared with the cooperation of Holley Rochford, Director of Early Childhood Programs and Services