SENATE COMMITTEE ON FACULTY BENEFITS
Childcare at The Pennsylvania State University
This report is a summary of child care services (availability, cost, University contributions) and related research, education, and service activities associated with child care centers at Penn State University campuses. The report summarizes changes since the implementation of recommendations from the “Presidential Task Force on Child Care at Penn State: Findings and Report to President Rodney Erickson.”
Penn State is a national leader in the provision of on-campus child care services and early childhood education through research, teaching and service activities associated with eight child care centers across the University. Historically the University has supported the philosophy that investment in early childhood education and care should be available to accommodate the changing population and to attract and retain competent and dedicated faculty, staff, and students (HR-48). Child care provided to families outside the University strengthens the connection between Penn State and its local communities. In addition, many centers serve as training sites for pre-service students in Early Childhood Education and faculty and students also teach and conduct research in child care centers.
Providing care to children at University Park since 1929, Penn State currently serves approximately 1,000 children daily across the Commonwealth. Managed and/or contracted centers are located at University Park, Harrisburg, Behrend, Altoona, Hershey Medical Center and Saint Joseph’s Hospital (through Penn State Health). The majority of children served at these centers have University affiliated faculty, staff and/or student parents.
TASK FORCE ON CHILD CARE
In 2013, a Presidential Task Force on Child Care was developed after a decision to outsource the Bennett Family Center at the University Park campus was reversed following strong objections from parents and staff. In January, 2014 the task force issued a Report “Presidential Task Force on Child Care at Penn State: Findings and Report to President Rodney Erickson.” This report contained a number of recommendations that were reviewed and supported by President Erickson.
In December, 2015 a re-instituted Child Care Advisory Committee (CCAC) and newly hired Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services, Holley Rochford, met with President Barron who gave his support for addressing recommendations made in the Task Force Report.
UPDATE ON REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS
Since the report was issued in January, 2014 a number of key recommendations have been addressed. Additionally, The Office of Human Resources including, the Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services and the CCAC are working to address remaining recommendations.
An immediate focus is reviewing employee and student data to assess potential child care needs across the Commonwealth. CCAC is also working to ensure consistency in service delivery across centers while also effectively managing costs for parents and the University. Another focus is enhanced engagement of faculty and students in teaching, research and service opportunities within our centers, including domains outside of early childhood education.
From Finding 1 (“The Penn State community cares about the care and education of young children”), it was recommended that the University provide leadership in early childhood education and care through research, teaching, and service; establish faculty lines; establish scholars-in-residence programs; and, provide incentives for faculty to conduct research.
- At the Bennett Family Center and the Child Care Center at Hort Woods in 2017, 303 students spent over 8,756 hours completing coursework assignments and working as work-study or America Reads students.
- Changes to the Music Program at Penn State led to over 200 less students participating at Bennett and Hort Woods in 2017.
- The Behrend Early Learning Center in 2016-2017 had 32 students participate in coursework and/or were employed at the center.
- From 2014-2017, 16 research studies were conducted at the Bennett Family Center and Child Care Center at Hort Woods
- In 2016, the Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services launched a diversity and inclusion training initiative. The Child Care Centers partnered with the Center for Education and Civil Rights, as well as other faculty and subject area experts to offer an on-going Lunch & Learn series open to the University community and training for all Penn State child care center employees on topics such as, raising racially literature children and anti-biased curriculum approaches. In 2017, a new Commitment to Diversity Statement and objectives for educators was announced which will guide the Child Care Centers future work in this area.
From Finding 2 (“Penn State Parents are mostly satisfied with services, but needs exist across the University”), it was recommended that the university continue to address child care needs, including availability, financial support for parents, and educational resources.
- Penn State was awarded an $824,768 CCAMPIS (Child Care Access Means Parents in School) grant from the U.S. Department of Education to provide financial assistance for child care to qualifying low-income undergraduate and graduate student parents at University Park and 20 campus locations. The four-year grant will provide $206,192 in first year funding for the Student Parent Child Care Subsidy Program in 2017-2018. For two decades the program has also been additionally funded by student fees at University Park and participating campus locations.
Table 1 documents the current potential capacity at all campus locations.
TABLE 1- CAPACITY (TOTAL MAX NUMBER OF CHILDREN SERVED)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy||30|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center||90|
|University Park- Bennett Family Center||147|
|University Park- Daybridge KinderCare Education||177|
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center||65|
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare EDUCATION||140|
|University Park- Child Care Center at Hort Woods||219|
|Penn State Health- Saint Joseph’s Hospital-Creative Beginnings||189|
Table 2 documents the current availability at all campus locations.
TABLE 2-CENTER OPENINGS at University and Penn State Health child care centers (AS OF October 31, 2016)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy||8||0||0||8||N/A|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center||5||0||3||2||N/A|
|University Park- Bennett Family Center||2||0||0||0||2|
|University Park- Daybridge KinderCare Education||0||0||0||0||4|
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center||19||3||6||10||N/A|
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare||26||0||1||15||43196|
|University Park- Child Care Center at Hort Woods||0||0||0||0||N/A|
|Penn State Health- Saint Joseph’s Hospital- Creative Beginnings||38||5||0||19||43407|
Table 3 documents current tuition rates at all campus locations.
TABLE 3- TUITION RATES (Current tuition rates for Penn State Child Care Centers)
|Altoona- Penn Mont Academy|
*9 monthly payments (does not include summer)
|N/A||N/A||$635 (PSU rate at 5 full days), $669 (Community Rate at 5 full days)||N/A||N/A|
|Behrend- Early Learning Center|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates- $219 (5 days),$155 (3 days)|
$104 (2 days); Community Rates- $229 (5 days), $164 (3 days), $109 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $209 (5 days), $149 (3 days)|
$99(2 days) Community Rates- $218 (5 days), $157 (3 days), $105 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $190 (5 days), $143 (3 days)|
$100 (2 days) Community Rates-
$200 (5 days), $151 (3 days), $100 (2 days)
|$175 (5 days), $131 (3 days), $93 (2 days)|
*Summer school-age program new in 2017
|University Park- Bennett Family Center and Child Care Center at Hort Woods|
*Monthly sliding scale rates listed at 5 full days
|$897 (30K or less); $1,027 (30,001-70K);$1,169 (70,001-110K); $1,436 (110,001-160K), $1,708 (160K or more)||$897 (30K or less); $1,027 (30,001-70K);$1,169 (70,001-110K); $1,436 (110,001-160K), $1,708 (160K or more)||$712 (30K or less); $803 (30,001-70K); $905 (70,001-110K); $997 ((110,001-160K); $1,087 (160K or more)||$849||$1,007 (Bennett only)
|University Park- Daybridge|
*Monthly rates listed
|PSU Rates- $1,077 (5 days); $808 (3 days); $538 (2 days)|
Community Rates- $1,099 (5 days); $914 (3 days); $608 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $991 (5 days); $742 (3 days); $495 (2 days)|
$1,011 (5 days); $843 (3 days); $561 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $773 (5 days), $579 (3 days); $387 (2 days)|
$857 (5 days); $644 (3 days); $428 (2 days)
|Harrisburg Children’s Learning Center|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates-$216 (5 days); $167 (3 days); $127 (2 days) Community Rates-|
$231 (5 days); $180 (3 days); $137 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $207 (5 days); $163 (3 days); $124 (2 days) Community Rates-|
$220 (5 days); $173 (3 days); $131 (2 days)
|PSU Rates- $182 (5 days); $143(3 days); $107 (2 days)|
$193 (5 days), $153 (3 days); $115 (2 days)
|Hershey Medical Center KinderCare EDUCATION|
*Weekly rates listed
|PSU Rates-$271 (5 days); $216 (3 days); $163 (2 days)|
$314 (5 days); $250 (3 days); $187 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-$260 (5 d); $207 (3 days); $156 (2 days)|
$300 (5 days); $240 (3 days); $180 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-$227 (5 days); $182 (3 days); $137 (2 days)|
$263 (5 days); $211 (3days); $158 (2 days)
|PSU Rates-Before /After $108 (5 days); $87 (3 days); $65 (2 days) Community Rates- Before /After-$126 (5 days); $101 (3 days); $76 (2 days)||PSU Rate-$232
|Penn State Health- Saint Joe’s Creative Beginnings|
|Penn State Health Rates- $200 (5 days); $135 (3 days); $98 (2 days) |
Community Rates- $254 (5 days), $178 (3 days), $122 (2 days)
|Penn State Health Rates- $188 (5 days); $129 (3 days); $93 (2 days)|
Community Rates- $240 (5 days), $171 (3 days), $117 (2 days)
|Penn State Health Rates- $165 (5 days), $115 (3 days), $79 (2 days)|
Community Rates- $211 (5 days), $148 (3 days), $100 (2 days)
|Before School-$71 (5 days); $43 (3 days); $29 (2 days)|
After School- $82 (5 days), $49 (3 days), $33 (2 days)
From Finding 3 (“Institutionalize attention to child care needs for Penn State families”), it was recommended that campus-level decision-making be supported; HR-48 should be enforced; child care should move from HHD to HR; AD-39 applicability be evaluated; and that costs and benefits be consistently evaluated.
- The Child Care Advisory Committee (CCAC) was re-constituted in the summer of 2014.
- The Universities policy on the provision of child care (HR-48) was enforced by hiring a Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services in January of 2015.
- Oversight of Child Care was moved from the College of Health and Human Development to Human Resources in 2015, under the Director of Early Child Care Programs and Services.
- Human Resources continues to see Early Child Care Services as an important benefit for recruitment and retention of faculty, staff and students.
- A newly formed Child Care Needs subcommittee of the CCAC will work with the Director of Early Child Care to benchmark funding models and survey the University on Child Care Needs in the spring of 2017. The committee will also review current employee and student data to assess the number of employees and students with young children. The committee will issue a report summarizing their findings and recommendations to strengthen and/or expand child care services in the fall of 2018.
- Altoona began a child care advisory committee in August, 2016.
- HR-48 was revised to include additional guidelines to support health and safety requirements for our managed and contracted child care centers such as, handling medical emergencies, medication administration and required CPR/First Aid Certification.
Table 4 shows budget information for all campus locations, documenting significant university investment in child care, largely through supplementation of employee fringe costs and in-kind support (not shown here, such as building maintenance), costs which are not currently met by tuition and grant income.
TABLE 4- BUDGET INFORMATION (CURRENT FISCAL YEAR JULY 1, 2016-JUNE 30, 2017)
|FY 17-18||The Bennett Family Center at University Park||The Child Care Center at Hort Woods, University Park||Bright Horizons Managed Center: Behrend Early Learning Center||Bright Horizons Managed Center: Harrisburg Children's Learning Center||Bright Horizons Managed Center: Saint Joe's Children's Creative Beginning||TOTAL|
|Total Salary + Fringe||$1,680,834||$2,399,324||$801,065||$501,087||$859,717||$6,242,027|
|Operating Expenses (Food, equipment, materials, etc.)||$210,414||$212,040|| $240,682||$147,423||$199,639||$1,010,198|
|Total Operating Expenses||$1,891,248||$2,611,364||$1,041,747||$648,510||$1,059,356||$7,252,225|
|Penn State contribution||$391,048||$231,080||$219,731||$115,624||$20,417||$977,900|
*Penn Mont Academy and KinderCare EDUCATION (Daybridge and Hershey) Centers do not report budget information. Penn State also does not currently provide a subsidy to these three centers. NOTE: Rochford and Lucas salary and fringe charged to Bennett and Hort Woods based on percentage of income
From Finding 4 (“Peer-institutions are addressing similar issues and concerns”), it was recommended that a CIC consortium be formed on the topic and that continued models and cost-structures across peer institutions be explored.
- As mentioned above CCAC will explore these structures and share findings in the future.
From Finding 5 (“Future management of Bennett Family Center and the Child Care Center at Hort Woods needs to be determined as soon as possible”), it was recommended that University Park campus should maintain teacher status as Penn State employees for BFC and former-Child Development Lab (CDL) employees at Hort Woods, evaluate the feasibility of an outsourced management model to compete with salaries and benefits commensurate with Penn State benefits and salaries, and improve collaboration and coordination of center activities.
- In May of 2015 Bright Horizons acquired Hildebrandt, LLC moving management of the Child Care Center at Hort Woods along with the Harrisburg Child Learning Center over to Bright Horizons.
- On August 18, 2015 Rochford and members of the CCAC met with Provost Nick Jones, Senior VP of F&B, David Gray and VP of Human Resources, Susan Basso. A recommendation was made to maintain management of the Bennett Family Center and move the Child Care Center at Hort Woods in-house to be managed by Penn State beginning July 1, 2016 when the centers contract expired with Hildebrandt/Bright Horizons.
- On August 31, 2015 University officials announced that they accepted the recommendation making the decision to manage both centers, moving Hort Woods in-house July 1, 2016.
- The transition of the Child Care Center at Hort Woods went smoothly with no disruption to the care and safety of children.
Additional Recent Changes
- In 2017 Penn State Health at Hershey Medical Center began to offer a new child care benefit to Hospital and College of Medicine employees through Bright Horizons. Back-up child care services, including in-home and center based child care is available to employees for unplanned child care needs, including school snow days, child care break down/center closures, child with a mild illness, etc. Employees get 10 days per calendar year with a daily co-pay of $15/child at participating centers and $6/hr. for participating in-home child care providers. Hershey Medical has decided to offer this benefit again to Hospital and COM employees in 2018.
SENATE COMMITTEE ON FACULTY BENEFITS
- Mary Beahm
- Renee Borromeo
- Lonnie Golden
- Galen A. Grimes, Chair
- Mark Horn
- Peter Jurs
- Cassandra Kitko
- John Liechty
- Kathleen Noce
- David Post
- Ira Saltz
- Geoff Scott
- Erica Smithwick, Vice Chair
- Gregory Stoner
- William Wenner
Report prepared with the cooperation of Holley Rochford, Director of Early Childhood Programs and Services.